Friday, March 5, 2010
305) China: meta de 8% de crescimento
Premiê chinês apresenta metas do governo ao Congresso (foto: Vincent Thian/AP)
China estabelece meta de crescimento do PIB de 8% neste ano
Sílvio Guedes Crespo
Blog Estadao, 5 de março de 2010
O primeiro-ministro da China, Wen Jiabao, apresentou nesta sexta-feira um conjunto de metas para a economia, incluindo a de que o Produto Interno Bruto do país cresça 8% neste ano, informa o jornal local China Daily. No ano passado, a expansão foi de 8,7%.
Além do crescimento econômico, o governo traçou como principais objetivos criar mais de 9 milhões de empregos urbanos (em 2009, foram geradas 11 milhões de vagas), manter o desemprego nas cidades em no máximo 4,6% e ter uma inflação em torno de 3% no ano.
Wen anunciou também a redução do número de novos projetos de investimentos e disse que o setor bancário tem “riscos latentes”, relata o jornal britânico Financial Times. As afirmações foram feitas no seu discruso anual de abertura do Congresso, em Pequim, um encontro de dez dias que discute o calendário político do país.
Ele afirmou que a China foi a primeira economia do mundo a se recuperar da crise, mas acrescentou que a retomada ainda é “insuficiente”.
O correspondente do Financial Times na China afirmou que as autoridades do país asiático estão divididas entre, de um lado, aquelas preocupadas com os riscos da alta dos preços dos imóveis, da inflação e superaquecimento e, de outro, os oficiais que consideram que a economia ainda está fraca.
Nessa disputa, o premiê tentou encontrar um meio termo, enfatizando que o governo vai manter uma política fiscal “proativa” e uma política monetária “moderadamente frouxa”.
Veja a lista de metas chinesas para 2010 no site do China Daily (em inglês)
Highlights of Wen's government work report
Updated: 2010-03-05 09:13
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Highlights of Wen's government work report
The Third Session of the 11th National People's Congress (NPC) opens at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, capital of China, March 5, 2010. [Xinhua]
BEIJING - Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao delivered a government work report at the opening meeting of the annual full session of the National People's Congress (NPC), China's top legislature, which started in the Great Hall of the People at 9 am Friday.
Highlights of Wen's government work report
Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao delivers a government work report during the opening meeting of the Third Session of the 11th National People's Congress (NPC) at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, capital of China, March 5, 2010. [Xinhua]
The following are the highlights of Wen's Report on the Work of the Government.
WORK REVIEW IN 2009
-- China's gross domestic product (GDP) reached 33.5 trillion yuan, up 8.7 percent from a year earlier.
-- Fiscal revenue was 6.85 trillion yuan, up 11.7 percent year on year.
-- Grain production was 531 million tonnes, a new record and increasing for the sixth consecutive year.
-- A total of 11.02 million job opportunities were created for urban residents.
-- The per capita disposable income of urban residents was 17,175 yuan, up 9.8 percent in real terms, while the net per capita income of rural residents was 5,153 yuan, rising 8.5 percent in real terms.
-- The central government's public investment was 924.3 billion yuan, 503.8 billion yuan more than in the previous year's budget.
-- The government invested 654.5 billion yuan to support the post-Wenchuan earthquake recovery and reconstruction work.
-- The central government used 725.3 billion yuan to support agriculture, rural areas and farmers, an increase of 21.8 percent.
-- A total of 20 billion yuan was provided to support 4,441 technological upgrading projects.
-- Last year imports and exports totaled $2.2 trillion.
-- Actual utilized foreign direct investment amounted to $90 billion for the entire year.
-- The central government spent 127.7 billion yuan on medical and health care, an increase of 49.5 percent.
China invested big to improve people's livelihood in '09
The Chinese government made hefty investment, 44 percent of the total public investment from the central budget, to improve people's livelihood last year.
MAJOR TARGETS for 2010
-- GDP will grow by about 8 percent; >>Full Story
-- Urban employment will increase by more than 9 million people;
-- Urban registered unemployment rate will be kept no higher than 4.6 percent;
-- Rise in the CPI will be held around 3 percent;
-- Balance of payments will be improved;
-- Sound development, and transforming the pattern of economic development will be emphasized.
China to strictly control new projects this year
China will strictly control the launching of new projects this year in an effort to curb redundant investment, according to the text of the government work report that Premier Wen Jiabao is to deliver Friday.
-- A deficit of 1.05 trillion yuan has been projected, which consists of 850 billion yuan in central government deficit and 200 billion yuan in local government bonds, which will be included in local government budgets.
-- The total quantity of renminbi loans will be increased by approximately 7.5 trillion yuan.
-- The central government will allocate 43.3 billion yuan to stimulate employment;
-- Emphasis will be given to helping college graduates, rural migrant workers, people experiencing employment difficulty, and demobilized military personnel find jobs.
-- The government will resolutely curb the precipitous rise of housing prices in some cities and satisfy people's basic need for housing;
-- The government will make greater efforts to deal with violations of laws and regulations such as keeping land unused, property hoarding, and price rigging.
-- The central government will not only make the "pie" of social wealth bigger by developing the economy, but also distribute it well on the basis of a rational income distribution system.
China to reform income distribution system, narrow income gap
Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao vowed Friday to enhance rational income distribution system as it is an "important manifestation of social fairness and justice" and a major way out for boosting domestic demand and narrowing income gap.
-- The central government will allocate 133.5 billion yuan for direct subsidies for farmers, a year-on-year increase of 6.04 billion yuan.
China vows continuous increase in rural incomes
The central government plans to allocate 818.3 billion yuan ($119.8 billion) for agriculture, farmers, and rural areas this year, an increase of 93 billion yuan over the 2009 level.
-- Education reform will be advanced in the system for operating schools, curricula, teaching methods, and evaluation systems. >>Full Story
Premier: China to continue cultural system reform
China is deepening reforms on its cultural system, such as encouraging state-owned cultural groups to convert to a stake-holding system.
-- China will make farsighted arrangements for basic research and research in cutting-edge technologies in the fields of biology, nanoscience, quantum control, information networks, climate change, aerospace and oceanography.
SOCIAL SAFETY NET
-- China will steadily move forward with the pilot program for a new old-age insurance system for rural residents by expanding it to 23 percent of the country's counties.
China to relax hukou restrictions in small cities, towns
China will reform its household registration system and relax restrictions on permanent residence registration, or "hukou", in towns, small and medium-sized cities.
-- China will raise government subsidies on basic medical insurance for non-working urban residents and on the new type of rural cooperative medical care system to 120 yuan per person per year, up 50 percent over last year, and appropriately increase rates for individual contributions.
FIGHTING CLIMATE CHANGE
-- China will work hard to develop low-carbon technologies;
-- China will endeavor to build an industrial system and consumption pattern with low carbon emissions;
-- China will participate in international cooperation to address climate change and work for further progress in the global fight against climate change;
-- The energy-saving capacity will be increased by an equivalent of 80 million tonnes of standard coal.
China to build industrial system of low-carbon emissions
China will build an "industrial system" and "consumption pattern" with low carbon emissions.
-- China will concentrate on making the army better able to win informationized local wars, and will enhance its ability to respond to multiple security threats and accomplish a diverse array of military tasks.
China's defense budget to grow 7.5% in 2010
China plans to increase its defense budget by 7.5 percent in 2010, only about half of last year's planned growth of 14.9 percent.
-- The central government will formulate and implement policies for economic and social development in Xinjiang, Tibet, and Tibetan ethnic areas in Sichuan, Yunnan, Gansu and Qinghai provinces. >>Full Story
HONG KONG, MACAO
-- The central government will support Hong Kong in consolidating and elevating its position as an international financial, trade, and shipping center; developing industries with local advantages; and fostering new areas of economic growth;
-- The central government will support Macao in developing its tourism and leisure industry and appropriately diversifying its economy.
-- The mainland will continue to adhere to the principle of developing cross-Straits relations and promoting peaceful reunification of the motherland, firmly embrace the theme of peaceful development of cross-Strait relations and constantly create new conditions for it;
-- The mainland will encourage qualified enterprises to invest in Taiwan;
-- The mainland will promote a win-win situation, set up an economic cooperation mechanism that reflects the characteristics of both sides by negotiating and signing an economic cooperation framework agreement (ECFA).
China to enhance armed police's ability to fight terrorism
China will modernize its armed police force and make it better able to respond to emergencies, fight terrorism and maintain stability.