Tuesday, January 12, 2010

171) Big Brother chinês exagerando demais (se isso não é uma contradicão nos termos...)

Eu constatei pessoalmente todo o poderio do autoritarismo censório chinês, ainda recentemente, ao permanecer no país durante uma semana. Em nenhum momento consegui acesso a qualquer blog, e infinitas vezes tentativas de acessar um site qualquer (nada de comprometedor para as autoridades chinesas) o resultado irritante era o "Google chinês", o Baidu, um site persistente em se imiscuir onde não é chamado...

Google, Citing Cyber Attack, Threatens to Exit China
The New York Times, January 13, 2010

Google threatened to pull out of its operations in China after it said it had uncovered a massive cyber attack on its computers that originated there.

As a result, the company said, it would no longer agree to censor its search engine in China and may exit the country altogether.

Google said that a primary goal of the attackers was accessing the Gmail accounts of Chinese human right activists, but that the attack also targeted 20 other large companies in the finance, technology, media and chemical sectors.

In a blog posting by David Drummond, the corporate development and chief legal officer, Google said that it had found a “highly sophisticated and targeted attack on our corporate infrastructure originating from China.”

“These attacks and the surveillance they have uncovered — combined with the attempts over the past year to further limit free speech on the web — have led us to conclude that we should review the feasibility of our business operations in China,” Mr. Drummond wrote in a blog post.

He wrote that Google was no longer willing to censor results on its Chinese-language search engine and would discuss with Chinese authorities whether it could operate an uncensored search engine in that country.

“We recognize that this may well mean having to shut down Google.cn, and potentially our offices in China,” Mr. Drummond wrote, adding that the decision was being driven by executives in the United States, “without the knowledge or involvement of our employees in China.”

Google did not publicly link the Chinese government to the cyber attack, but people with knowledge of Google’s investigation said they had enough evidence to justify its actions.

A United States expert on cyber warfare said that 34 companies were targeted, most of them high-technology companies in Silicon Valley. The attacks came from Taiwanese Internet addresses, according to James Mulvenon, an expert on Chinese cyberwarfare capabilities.

Mr. Mulvenon said that the stolen documents were sent electronically to a server controlled by Rackspace, based in San Antonio.

“For Google to pull up stakes and basically pull out China, the attack must have been large in scope and very penetrating,” Mr. Mulvenon said. “This attack highlights the fact that cyberwarfare has basically gone to the next level.”

Mr. Drummond said that Google decided to speak publicly about the attack not only because of its security and human rights implications, but because “this information goes to the heart of a much bigger global debate about freedom of speech.”

Google entered the China market in 2006, agreeing to introduce a censored search engine. At the time, the company said that it believed that the benefits of its presence in China outweighed the downside of being forced to censor some search results there, as it would provide more information and openness to Chinese citizens.

But the company said that it would continue to monitor restrictions in that country and review its decision periodically.

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